Cytomegalovirus (CMV)CMV is a common virus that is related to the Herpes Simplex virus. In healthy people, the virus does not show symptoms (remains dormant). But in an immune system weakened by HIV, the virus multiplies and causes infection throughout the body. When it infects the brain and nervous system, it can cause an inflammation of the brain (encephalitis). It causes pneumonia when in the lungs, abdominal cramps and diarrhea when in the intestinal tract, and hepatitis when in the liver. The most common form infects the eyes and causes a condition known as CMV retinitis.
- change in mental status
- abdominal pain
- vision changes.
Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)Two types of HSV cause problems in HIV infected people. HSV-1 causes cold sores or blisters on the mouth or face. HSV-2 causes similar sores on the genital and anal areas.
- painful, swollen, fluid filled blisters that break and crust over
Varicella-zoster virus (shingles)Shingles is the same virus that causes chickenpox. Anyone who has had chickenpox in their lifetime can get shingles.
- small, painful blisters that follow nerve pathways, usually along one side of the body.
HepatitisHepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that is classified into three types:
- Hepatitis A (HAV) can be spread through unsanitary living conditions, contaminated food, or sexual contact.
- Hepatitis B (HBV) is spread through infected blood or sexual contact. A vaccine is available to prevent HBV.
- Hepatitis C (HCV) is spread primarily through contaminated blood exposure.
- yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)
- abdominal pain, especially the upper right quadrant.
Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)EBV is a virus similar to Herpes and is known to cause mononucleosis ("Mono").
- extreme fatigue
Genital wartsWarts that effect the anal and genital areas and are spread by sexual contact.
- Raised bumps or protruding pieces of skin in the anal or genital area.
Molluscum ContagiosumThese painless warts can occur anywhere on the body but are most common on the face. The major concern with this condition is cosmetic.
- Small white wart-like bumps on the face.