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AIDS/HIV: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
3 Habits That Can Erase the Benefits of HIV...
While people with HIV can live normal lifespans thanks to modern HIV therapy, some everyday habits can take back many, if not all, of those gains.
Top 6 Signs You May Have HIV
While people newly infected with HIV often show few or no signs of illness, there are symptoms which often suggest that an infection has taken place.
How To Identify the Shingles Rash
Learn about the symptoms and signs of shingles, how to identify the rash, and the complications that shingles may cause.
What Are the Early Signs of HIV?
In the early acute stages of an HIV infection, 40% or more of people will develop flu-like symptoms within 7-14 days of an exposure.
Top 18 HIV Drug Adherence Tips
Learn the tips to maintaining or improving optimal adherence to your HIV medications.
What Does an HIV Rash Look Like?
Rash is common during the course of an HIV infection, and the causes and presentation can be as varied as the rashes themselves.
Am I Getting Shingles?
By spotting the early signs and symptoms of shingles (herpes zoster), you may be able to lessen the severity of an impending outbreak.
What Are the Signs and Symptoms of HIV?
While HIV diminishes the body's ability to defend itself, the symptoms are generally the result of a specific opportunistic infection.
HIV Microscopy in Pictures
Image of an HIV-infected H9 T cell, colorized in crimson and yellow set against a dark blue background.
How Long Can I Live After Getting Infected with...
Studies have shown that a 20-year-old, HIV-positive person on antiretroviral therapy can now expect to live into his or her early 70s.
How to Prevent and Treat C. Diff.
Clostridium difficile, or C. diff, can be a serious gastrointestinal infection that causes severe diarrhea. Here is your guide to C. diff.
How to Tell If You Have an HIV Infection
How do I know if I have HIV? What are the signs? Can I tell if someone has HIV? These are just a few of the most frequently asked questions about HIV.
The Facts About HIV and Oral Sex
Generally speaking, oral sex (which include oral-penile, oral-vaginal and oral-anal sex) is not considered an efficient route of HIV transmission.
Are Night Sweats a Sign of HIV?
Night sweats occur frequently in people with HIV, most often in later stages of untreated disease (when the CD4 count is below 200 cells/mL).
The Facts About HIV and Thrush
Candidiasis is a fungal infection caused by a type of yeast, which can affect the mouth (thrush), vagina (yeast infection) and other organ systems.
Bad Morning Breath? It May Be From This Infection
Oral thrush is a common condition in those people living with HIV and AIDS. What is thrush and what can be done about it?
How an Itchy Urethra May Indicate an Infection
Read about what causes an itchy urethra or discharge from the urethra, and how this condition – known as urethritis – is diagnosed and treated.
Recognizing the Signs of a New HIV Infection
While acute HIV syndrome is not always to diagnose given the non-specific nature of the symptoms, there are clues that may suggest a recent infection.
HIV and Lymphadenopathy (Swollen Lymph Node)
Lymphadenopathy, a condition defined the swelling of lymph nodes on one or multiple sites of the body, is considered an important indicator of HIV.
Top Tips on How to Deal With an HIV Rash
An HIV rash is a very common HIV symptoms and can also be related to medications. Here are some quick tips on dealing with an HIV rash.
AIDS is not a disease but rather the stage of HIV disease in which the immune system is compromised, making it vulnerable to opportunistic infections.
The Facts About HIV and Lipodystrophy
Read about the history of, symptoms, and cause of body fat changes that may occur in people living with HIV, known as lipodystrophy.
4 Questions People Ask About HIV Lymphadenopathy
The incidence of lymphadenopathy (swollen lymph glands) is especially high in people with HIV and can occur at any stage of infection.
Blood Tests - Liver Function Tests (LFTs)
Liver function tests are a battery of tests that gives your doctor an idea of how well your liver is working, especially when treating HIV infection.
How Long Can HIV Live Outside of the Body?
Under specific conditions, HIV can survive outside of body for hours, days and even weeks. But does this mean that there is a real risk of infection?
Your Guide to Understanding Hepatitis
Hepatitis is a liver inflammation caused by many factors. It is a serious disease that is deadly in HIV patients. Here are some basic hepatitis facts.
What is the Chance that I will Get HIV?
Learn the odds or statistics behind your chance of getting HIV based on certain exposures like sex, sharing needles, or getting a needle-stick injury.
What Is My Personal Risk of HIV?
Whether you are HIV-positive or HIV-negative, risk reduction strategies help you avoid infection and transmitting the virus to others.
What Is the Risk of HIV from Oral Sex?
There is a commonly held belief that oral sex carries little or no risk of transmitting HIV. But the truth is, in some cases, risks can increase.
How Often Do False Positive HIV Tests Occur?
While the rate of false positive and false negatives is very low, they can occur, either a result of human error or limitations of the tests themselves.
The Complete List of Approved HIV Drugs
Today, there are 27 individual antiretroviral agents and 10 fixed dosed combination (FDC) drugs comprised of two or more of different HIV drugs.
How Viagra Works and What to Watch Out For
Learn more about viagra used to treat erectile dysfunction, including its mechanism, dosages, and side effects.
What Does a CD4 Count and Viral Load Mean?
A CD4 count and viral load test are performed to determine the status of a person's immune system and the level of HIV in the body.
HIV Wasting Syndrome - AIDS-Defining Condition
HIV wasting syndrome is defined as progressive, involuntary weight loss which is not attributable to any condition other than HIV infection itself.
What Activities Are of High Risk for HIV?
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Trichomoniasis Signs and Symptoms
This feature talks about the signs and symptoms of trichomoniasis. Understanding the signs and symptoms of trichomoniasis allows for earlier diagnosis and treatment.
What is a CD4 Count and Why is it Important?
The CD4 count literally counts the number of CD4 T-cells in a blood sample and tracks whether a person's immune strength is going up or going down.
Top 10 Things Everyone Should Know About HIV
Educating yourself about HIV is the most important way to stay healthy and well whether you are HIV-positive or not. Here are 10 tips that can help.
Why CD4 T-Cells Are Important for People With HIV
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What is an Absolute CD4 Count and CD4 Percentage?
CD4 percentage and absolute CD4 counts are used by doctors to determine both the status of your immune system and the likely course of our disease.
Learn About the Causes of Rectal Pain
One common mens-health issue is rectal pain. Rectal pain can occur for many reasons from the not so serious to the very serious. What are the causes of rectal pain and how should we address the problem as part of our mens-health program?
Kidney Disease
Studies show that about 30 percent of all HIV infected people have some sort of kidney function abnormality. HIV and kidney disease is a common combination.
What Are My HIV Testing Options?
The CDC recommends a new strategy for HIV testing using 4th generation combination assays able to detect both HIV antibodies and antigens.
How HIV White Blood Cell Counts and Others are...
Learn how white blood cell counts are measured in HIV, which is an important indicator of a person's ability to fight infection.
Testosterone Replacement
Testosterone is a male hormone that regulates many physiological processes in men. Low testosterone levels is a common problem in men, especially those living with HIV. Testosterone replacement may be necessary but know the facts about testosterone before beginning replacement.
HIV Opportunistic Infections by Organ System
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Understanding the Tuberculosis Skin Test
The TB skin tests consists of an injection of a TB derivative. The reaction to a shot, specifically its size, can determine if a person has been infected.
Gonorrhea Symptoms
One of the world's most common sexually transmitted diseases is gonorrhea. While often there are no gonorrhea symptoms, being able to identify any gonorrhea signs and symptoms that do occur is very important for treatment and prevention.
How to Interpret a Negative HIV Test
Read how to interpret a negative HIV test and whether this truly means a person is not infected with HIV.
What Is HAART for HIV?
HAART is the acronym for highly active antiretroviral therapy, a term use to describe the effectiveness of combination drug therapies to fight HIV.
How Symptom Checking Can Place You at HIV Risk
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Syphilis Signs and Symptoms
Syphilis is at epidemic proportions in many areas; transmitted from person to person sexually. Are HIV and Syphilis related or connected? What are syphilis signs and symptoms?
What Should I Do If a Condom Breaks?
Accidents will happen. But should a condom burst during sex, there are a number of steps you can take to reduce the risk of HIV infection
Who Should Get an HIV Test (and When)?
In April 2013, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommended that all persons between the ages of 15 and 65 be given a one-time HIV test.
HIV Prevention: A 7-Step Plan to Reduce Risk
Newer prevention tools can offer greater protections against HIV, reducing not only the risk of getting the virus but passing it on to others.
Deciphering Your Routine Blood Tests - HIV/AIDS
Routine blood tests are just as important to understand in the proper management of HIV infection as your CD4 count and viral load.
Peripheral Neuropathy
Some people with HIV/AIDS describe it as a burning sensation. Others say that it's like a thousand hot needles poking the feet and hands. These are peripheral neuropathy symptoms. Peripheral neuropathy can be an uncomfortable, very annoying, and sometimes a crippling condition. What causes this problem and what can be done about it?
Am I at Risk of Getting HIV?
When assessing your risk of HIV, it's important to understand the four conditions that must be satisfied in order for an HIV infection to take place.
What are the Symptoms of STD's?
Am I infected with a sexually transmitted disease? What are the symptoms of STD's? If you think you have signs of STDs get STD tested.
What Can People with HIV Do about Sinus...
While 30% of all people suffer from sinusitis at least once each year, people living with HIV seem to have more frequent and severe bouts.
HIV and Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common STDs, the infection of which is associated with cervical and anal cancers in people with HIV.
The 10 Best Films About HIV/AIDS
The best films about HIV/AIDS serve as an historic record, bringing to life the struggles and emotions that remain as relevant today as they did then.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Rapid HIV Tests
Rapid HIV tests can produce results in as little as 20 minutes, reducing the anxieties that can often prevent people from returning for their results.
Folliculitis - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
A common skin infection called folliculitis can manifest, often profoundly, in HIV-infected people with severely compromised immune systems.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases Guide
Sexually transmitted diseases are among the most common causes of illness in the world. Syphilis is at epidemic proportions in many areas; transmitted from person to person sexually. Are HIV and Syphilis related or connected? Find out with this feature filled with facts about sexually transmitted diseases and the symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases.
What Is the Risk of HIV from Vaginal Sex?
Presumptions about the risk of HIV from vaginal sex can often lead people to grossly overestimate or underestimate their personal risk of infection.
The Truth About Suboxone for Opiate Addiction
The use of the drug Suboxone is making a difference in the lives of people with an opiate addiction, reducing the risk of both HIV and hepatitis.
Medicare Parts A and B
Medicare parts A and B fact sheet
HIV Risk Among Hemophiliacs
HIV transmission among hemophiliacs was long considered among the highest levels of risk. How much have things changed with newer screening techniques?
When Long Should I Wait to Get an HIV Test?
If a person has been exposed to HIV, there is a period by which an HIV test cannot deliver an accurate response known as the window period.
The Real Reasons Why People Don't Use Condoms
Condoms are the cornerstone of safer sex and have reduced HIV infections worldwide. So why then do only 65% of men use condoms on a regular basis?
Conditions That HIV Can Cause in Your Mouth
HIV impacts the entire body including your oral health. Your oral health is an important part of staying healthy. This article looks at HIV and how it can affect your oral health.
What Can I Do If I've Been Accidentally Exposed...
In the event of accidental exposure to HIV, there are drugs that can potentially reduce the risk of infection called post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP).
Average Wholesale Price of HIV Drugs
How much does HIV medication cost? The Average Wholesale Price (AWP) is the average price that wholesalers are actually paying for a particular HIV drug.
Do You Have AIDS Phobia?
An AIDS phobia is the irrational fear of being infected, despite evidence to the contrary, or the unreasonable fear that you may get infected with HIV.
How Long Before HIV Becomes AIDS?
In all but a few rare cases, HIV will progress to AIDS if left untreated. How long it takes depends on factors you can control and others you can't.
How HIV and AIDS are Not the Same Thing
Learn about the differences between HIV and AIDS and how these terms are often erroneously interchanged in the media.
Why HIV Treatment On Diagnosis Is Officially a...
On September 30, 2015, the WHO revised its global HIV treatment policies to recommend the immediate initiation of therapy at the time of diagnosis.
What Is My Risk of Dying from HIV?
Mortality rates in people with HIV are largely influenced by the timing of antiretroviral therapy, wherein delays can increase the risk of death by 66%.
About.com's Top 20 HIV Charities of 2015
More than ever, HIV charities need your support. Our annual list offers 20 such organizations, both large and small, that truly deserve your attention.
Your Guide to Understanding Chlamydia
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are among the most common causes of illness in the world. Chlamydia is one of many sexually transmitted diseases. Like other STDs, having chlamydia puts you at an additional risk for HIV infection.
Can HIV Be Spread Through Casual Contact?
While we know that HIV cannot be spread through casual contact, including kissing or sharing utensils, it is important for people to understand why this is.
How is HIV passed from one person to another?
How is HIV spread from one person to another?
Hepatitis B Fact Sheet
Hepatitis B Fact Sheet complete with hepatitis b signs and symptoms
What are the AIDS Defining Illnesses?
Read a list of AIDS defining illnesses, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and what this means for someone with HIV.
The Facts About Kaposi's Sarcoma
At the beginning of the epidemic, Kaposis Sarcoma was the face of HIV. KS as it is sometimes called is less common in this age of HIV medication. But HIV and Kaposis Sarcoma still walk hand in hand in some patients.
HIV and Sleep Disturbances
Sleep problems are commonly noted in people with HIV, caused by emotional or psychological distress, by certain HIV drugs, or sometimes by HIV itself.
The Challenges of HIV and Obesity
HIV has long been associated with weight loss and wasting, but now are dealing with an ever-growing challenge among patients with HIV: obesity.
3 Surprising Ways That STDs Increase HIV Risk
While many people understand that STDs can increase the risk of getting HIV, some may be surprised at how the body unwittingly facilitates infection.
What Is the Window Period for HIV?
The window period is the time between the point when an infection first occurs and the time when a test is able to accurately detect that infection.
The Top 10 Facts About HIV/AIDS
Learn the top 10 facts that everyone should know about HIV and AIDS, whether or not they are infected with it.
Zepatier (elbasvir + grazoprevir) - Hepatitis C...
Zepatier (elbasvir/grazoprevir) is a fixed dose combination drug used in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C genotype 1 or 4 infection.
Can I Get HIV from Kissing?
Kissing is considered among the most ineffective means of transmitting HIV, with risk considered anywhere from negligible to non-existent.
Top 5 Reasons to Get an HIV Test Today
While there can be challenges to getting tested for HIV, advances in treatment and prevention have ensured the benefits far outweigh the consequences.
Tuberculosis Guide - A Guide to TB and the TB...
Tuberculosis or TB as it is often referred to is a serious illness that is killing people around the world. TB is diagnosed with a simple TB test. This guide to tuberculosis will detail the TB problem and why it is a danger to people with HIV. For people living with HIV, understanding TB is a must and getting a TB test is essential.
10 Thing to Know About HIV Drug Resistance
HIV resistance is easy understand in concept, but knowing the dynamics of resistance can better ensure durability of your antiretroviral drugs.
Must-Know Methods of HIV and AIDS Prevention
The cornerstone of AIDS prevention is condom use. Condoms do prevent HIV and STDs and therefore must be an essential part of AIDS prevention. Condoms are an important part of STD, HIV, and AIDS prevention.
Should I be concerned I have been infected with...
This anonymous viewer wants to know if she should be concerned that she has been infected with HIV.
How You Can Get HIV Without Ejaculation During...
Learn whether HIV transmission may occur even if a person with HIV does not ejaculate during sexual intercourse.
Can You Get Hepatitis C from Sex?
A growing epidemic of hepatitis C infections among urban, HIV-positive gay men suggests the risk of sexual transmission is higher than imagined.
What Is a Viral Load And Why Is It Important?
The HIV viral load is a measurement of the amount of HIV circulating your blood, which is used to determine how well your HIV drugs are working,
9 Healthy Aging Tips for People Living With HIV
With life expectancy rates increasing among people with HIV, greater emphasis has been placed on reducing high rates of premature frailty and illness.
HIV Medication Side Effects, Symptoms, and...
HIV medications come with their fair share of side effects; some of which can be annoying, and potentially serious. You must understand which HIV medication side effects are possible and what you should do about them. For some of the HIV medication side effects there are solutions that can help. For others you need to contact your doctor when they occur. This feature will help you deal with HIV medication side effects.
The AIDS Virus - Understanding HIV 101
Knowledge is power, and never has that been more true than when dealing with HIV and the AIDS virus. HIV 101, the biology of HIV and the facts about the AIDS virus is contained in this feature. Read and understand the the basics of HIV and the AIDS virus.
Hepatitis C and HIV Coinfection
Hepatitis C is a serious problem by itself. HIV changes your life forever. Put the two together and you have hepatitis c and HIV coinfection. HIV and Hepatitis C together make treatment of both much more difficult.
How Close Are We to a Functional Cure for HIV?
The functional cure is an evidence-based hypothesis by which HIV may be kept in check to undetectable levels without the use of chronic medications.
How to Select the Right HIV Doctor
HIV remains a dynamic disease that requires specially trained physicians able to deliver high levels of care specific to your individual health needs.
HIV-Associated Complications of the Eye
HIV-associated eye disorders are common among people with HIV, with 70-80% experiencing some form of eye problem during the course of their disease.
Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV
The use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) during pregnancy is shown to be 98% effective in preventing HIV transmission from mother to child.
The Risks of Oral Sex In Teenagers
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HIV Prevention in South Africa
HIV around the world takes you to South Africa. AIDS in Africa is raging out of control. Some call it the new apartheid.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus...
MRSA or methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is in the news almost everyday. This infection can be very mild to very serious. What is MRSA and what can you do to decrease your risk of getting the infection?
What happens when I am first diagnosed HIV...
You've been diagnosed HIV positive. What happens that first day? Being HIV+ is not a death sentence so take a deep breath and move forward.
Suboxone and Opiate Drug Detox
There is hope for people with opiate dependence and addiction. Suboxone is a drug that has been approved to be used as part of an opiate detox and recovery program. Here is a Subxone fact sheet.
The HIV Epidemic in Russia
Based on Russia's public health statistics, the AIDS epidemic within the regions has exploded over the past 20 years, increasing by some 250% since 2001.
Which HIV Tests Are the Most Accurate?
A 2013 study from San Francisco revealed that the accuracy of HIV tests during acute infection ranged from as high as 87.3% to as low as 5.2%.
Tdap - More Than Just a Tetanus Vaccine
The tetanus vaccine is one of the many vaccines given to keep us all healthy. The tdap vaccine adds to the tetanus vaccine to protect us from another condition in addition to tetanus and diphtheria; the disease known as pertussis (whooping cough). This fact sheet explains this revved up version of the tetanus vaccine.
Thinking Outside of the Box
Important research is always being done in an effort to find new ways to fight HIV. New HIV therapies and new ways of fight HIV may take people willing to look outside the box.
Understanding the HIV Life Cycle
Understanding the life cycle of HIV has made it possible to develop the medications we use to treat the disease, by blocking stages of that cycle.
HIV-Associated Infections of the Retina and...
Disorders of the posterior segment of the eye are seen in as many as 50% to70% of patients with HIV, oftentimes resulting in damage to the retina.
The Facts About HIV Treatment as Prevention
Treatment as Prevention (TasP) is an approach by which HIV-infected people with undetectable viral loads are less likely to transmit HIV.
Genetic Research Reveals Geographic Origins of...
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HIV Blood Tests - Serum Electrolytes
Serum electrolytes are substances that circulate in the blood and control such things as cardiac function and muscle contraction. Serum electrolytes are part of the typical HIV blood tests.
Opportunistic Infections - Fungal Infections
People with HIV must be aware of opportunistic infections. Fungal opportunistic infections can occur in people living with HIV. Here is a guide to some of the most common fungal opportunistic infections.
10 Condom Mistakes You Should Never Make
To better avoid getting or transmitting HIV, it’s important not only to use condoms consistently, but to avoid common mistakes that often occur.
How to Do a Testicular Self-Exam
A testicular self exam can save your life. Examining your testicles the right way can mean the difference between early treatment of testicular cancer and poor prognosis.
The History of HIV
Knowing where you have been helps you to choose the right path to where you want to go. The history of HIV helps scientists, medical professionals, and patients alike understand the disease and find better ways to fight it. This article examines the history of HIV.
Using Combination HIV Tests for Faster, More...
On June 27, 2014, the CDC recommended the use of 4th generation combination tests able to detect HIV up to four weeks earlier than antibody tests.
Understanding TB and the TB Test
You have a better understanding about the basics of tuberculosis. But how do HIV and TB relate? For the HIV-infected person, there is much more to understand about TB. Page 2.
HIV and the Role of Nutritional Supplements
Good nutrition can help ensure proper immune function in tandem with HIV therapy. The role of vitamins and nutritional supplements remains debatable.
Is It Possible to Get Reinfected If You Have HIV?
HIV reinfection occurs when a person with HIV gets infected with a different viral strain through sexual contact with another HIV-infected person.
Tips and Advice for Employees with HIV
With advances in HIV treatment, people can now have fully productive lives, which includes setting long-term goals for yourself and your career track.
Your Essential Guide to HIV Testing
There are a number of tests used in the detection, treatment and management of HIV, ranging from rapid in-home saliva tests to genetic assays used to tailor therapy.
A Brief HIstory of the Condom
Condoms, where did they come from? The history of condoms is interesting. This condom history will show you where your condoms have come from.
What Are Antiretrovirals (and How Do They Work)?
The benefits of modern antiretroviral therapy include a greater ease of use, a lower risk of HIV resistance, and fewer drug-related side effects.
A Guide to Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC)
Learn about this potentially serious opportunistic infection, Mycobacterium avium complex; commonly known as MAC.
CT Scan
A CT scan is a special type of x-ray that allows the doctor to see inside the human body. A CT scan is used extensively to diagnose infections, tumors and other problems common in the HIV positive person.
Treating HIV Exposure
HIV post-exposure prophylaxis are the medications given to treat an HIV exposure. Treating an HIV exposure is done to reduce the risk of HIV infection after exposure. HIV post-exposure prophylaxis has been shown to decrease the chance of HIV infection after an occupational exposure.
How Often Should I Get My CD4 and Viral Load...
Monitoring a patient's CD4 count is most useful before the initiation of therapy, while the viral load is most useful after the initiation of therapy.
Guidelines for Starting HIV Therapy in Adults
The Department of Health and Human Services released updated guidelines for the initiation and use of antiretrovirals in adults infected with HIV.
Hepatitis Drug Assistance Programs
Co-Pay and Patient Assistance Programs (PAP) provide access to hepatitis drugs for people who having difficulty affording medications or insurance.
Who Is At Highest Risk of Transmitting HIV?
The CDC reports that undiagnosed patients account for 30% of all HIV infections, while 3 in 5 are from undiagnosed patients aware of their status.
Men Who Have Sex With Men (MSM) - Definition
Men Who Have Sex With Men (MSM) is the term used to categorize males who engage in sexual activity with other males, regardless of how they identify themselves.
Top 20 HIV Charities of 2014
The Top 20 HIV charities were selected based on a review of their corporate governance, accountability, and history of mission fulfillment.
Top 10 HIV and AIDS Myths
There are many HIV and AIDS myths out there. HIV and AIDS myths are dangerous and contribute to prejudice and stigma. Let's dispel the HIV and AIDS myths with this list of the top ten HIV and AIDS related myths.
Directory of HIV/AIDS Hotlines by State
AIDS hotlines can provide support and information not to only people living with HIV but to anyone wanting to know more about HIV prevention or care.
The Facts About HIV and Circumcision
Randomized controlled trials in Africa have shown that male circumcision can reduce the risk of HIV transmission in men by 51% to 60%.
Americans with Disabilities Act and People...
The Americans with Disabilities Act extends protections to all Americans with HIV, symptomatic or not, as well as those might be regarded as having HIV.
How to Plan for a Pregnancy When You're HIV...
Pregnancy and HIV are common in today's world. Years ago when a woman was HIV positive she gave up any hope of having a family. Now HIV and pregnancy can co-exist without problems. If you are HIV+ and family planning, this article will educate you about HIV and pregnancy.
Safer Conception Options for Couples with HIV
Major advances in antiretroviral therapy allow for pregnancy in HIV serodiscordant couples while minimizing the risk of infection.

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