- The "flu shot" - an inactivated vaccine (containing dead virus) that is given by intramuscular injection into the arm. The flu shot is approved for use in people older than 6 months, including healthy people and people with chronic medical conditions.
This is the only vaccine suitable for people with HIV.
- The nasal-spray flu vaccine - a vaccine made with live, weakened flu viruses that do not cause the flu.
Because of the risk of infection, live virus vaccines should never be given to people with HIV.
- Intermuscular injection (dead virus)
- Nasal spray (live virus)
Who Should Be Vaccinated in 2008-2009?:
- Children aged 6 months up to their 19th birthday
- Pregnant women
- People 50 years of age and older
- People of any age with certain chronic medical conditions
- People who live in nursing homes and other long-term care facilities
- People who live with or care for those at high risk for complications from flu, including:
- Health care workers
- Household contacts of persons at high risk for complications from the flu
- Household contacts and out of home caregivers of children less than 6 months of age (these children are too young to be vaccinated)
- given every year
- best if given between October and November but can be given anytime during the flu season (December through March)
- may give with other vaccines but in a separate injection
- previous anaphylactic reaction or sensitivity to eggs or other vaccine components
- moderate or severe acute illness
Note: pregnancy or breast feeding is NOT a contraindication for taking the flu vaccine